A person walks through downtown in the snow Friday, Nov. 18, 2022, in Buffalo, N.Y.
Joshua Bessex | AP
Residents of Buffalo and other parts of New York state woke up Friday morning to heavy snowfall that officials warn could “paralyze” the hardest-hit communities.
As of Friday morning, Erie County, home to Buffalo, has seen 4 feet of snow in areas like Blasdell, 42.5 inches in Orchard Park, 37 inches in Hamburg and about 19.5 inches in southeast Buffalo.
The “historic” winter storm is bringing what is known as lake-effect snow, which occurs when arctic air races across the relatively milder waters of the Great Lakes.
The lake-effect snow off of Lake Erie is extreme as of Friday, with snowfall rates of 2 to 3 inches an hour and prolific “thundersnow,” which happens when there’s thunder along with snowfall.
The heavy snowfall is expected to result in “near zero visibility, nearly impossible travel and damage to infrastructure,” the National Weather Service warned early Friday morning.
Snow began to fall Thursday and continued overnight, threatening to leave Buffalo buried in more than 4 feet of “historic snowfall,” the service said in an update Friday morning.
Residents push a trapped vehicle on the street during a snowstorm as extreme winter weather hits Buffalo, New York, November 18, 2022.
Lindsay Dedario | Reuters
“Very cold air will accompany this event with temperatures 20 degrees below normal forecast by this weekend,” it warned, after Buffalo saw temperatures in the high 60s last week.
“This is a life-threatening storm,” she said at a news conference Thursday, adding that state officials were standing ready to conduct rescues.
So far, ten customers’ power has been affected by the storm in Erie County.
Erie County issued a driving ban, including the southern part of Buffalo, according to a tweet from Erie County Executive Mark Poloncarz.
“Conditions in the Ban zone are BAD,” Poloncarz said. “Do Not Drive. It is impeding our efforts to clear snow.”
In a news conference Friday afternoon, Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown said the south of the city was “incredibly hard hit.”
“We want no driving whatsoever in that area of the city so the plows can do their work,” he said. “We have now upwards of 55 plows in south Buffalo that are working to clear residential streets.”
The storm is expected to move north into the city later Friday evening and overnight, but for now, the focus is on the south, said Nathan Marton, the commissioner of the Department of Public Works, who also spoke at the conference.
Christine Scheck, who was driving through Blasdell, located about 30 minutes south of Buffalo, told NBC News the snow in some areas are up to her hips and higher.
“It’s terrible out here, there’s cars stuck everywhere,” Scheck said. “And no one can get anywhere. They’re just getting stuck.”
“There’s an ambulance stuck in the middle of the intersection. And there was a tow truck trying to get them out there, tying ropes underneath it, pulling them and they can’t get it out because it’s still stuck in the middle of the intersection with the snow,” she said.
Commercial traffic was banned on parts of some major roads, including the New York State Thruway, also known as Interstate 90. Meanwhile, Sunday’s NFL game between the home team Buffalo Bills and the Cleveland Browns was moved to Detroit.
A resident plows driveway during a snowstorm as extreme winter weather hits Buffalo, New York, November 18, 2022.
Lindsay Dedario | Reuters
The University of Buffalo has canceled all classes and activities scheduled for Saturday across all three campuses, including a women’s basketball game versus Princeton University, according to a statement. A football game also scheduled for Saturday against the University of Akron has been postponed and may take place on Sunday “should weather and travel conditions permit.”
“The university expects to resume normal operations on Sunday, Nov. 20,” the university said in the statement. “Classes and activities will be held as scheduled on Monday, Nov. 21.”
As the planet has warmed from the increase in greenhouse gases, so have the lakes, meaning more evaporation into the atmosphere during the winter. This has led to an increase in lake-effect snow, but that trend is not expected to last.
A recent study used a regional climate model to investigate these changes in lake-effect snow if the current rate of greenhouse gas emissions continues. By midcentury, the amount of seasonal lake-effect snow is projected to increase modestly, as the Great Lakes will remain ice-free longer into the winter.
However, as the air warms, the amount of snow during the transitional seasons of late fall and early spring is expected to decrease, with more of the precipitation falling as rain. By the late century, the frequency of extreme cold over the Great Lakes is expected to decrease substantially. Similarly, lake temperatures are projected to increase further, with the warming environment implying an increase in rain at the expense of snow during the winter.
Lake-effect snow warnings were in effect early Friday for the Buffalo area and downwind areas of Lake Ontario, the weather service said.